An effective training program demands constant trade-offs. Every component of training cannot receive equal emphases. If one component is emphasized then another must be de-emphasized. Good training is often compared to a mosaic but in my mind that is much too static, it is more like a kaleidoscope, ever changing in a state of dynamic equilibrium. It is so much more than balancing volume, intensity and density as it is often portrayed. It is actually careful consideration of the interaction of all training components while minding that all components of training should be trained at all times in different proportions. The trade-offs, the mix if you will, changes as the athlete accumulates training day to day, week to week to week, month to month and year to year and must be adjusted accordingly to insure continued adaptation. Carefully consider the trade-offs. Weigh the cost benefit analysis relative to each trade off and relative to the short and long term goals of the training program. There is a firm foundation for all this in scientific training principles but ultimately it requires a heavy dose of coach’s intuition and knowledge of the athlete. No formula or algorithm, just constant adjustment and fine tuning.

Vern Gambetta

Vern Gambetta

Director at Gambetta Sports Training Systems
Vern is the Director of Gambetta Sports Training Systems. He has been the a conditioning coach for several MLS teams as well as the conditioning consultant to the US Men's World Cup Soccer team. Vern is the former Director of Conditioning for the Chicago White Sox and New York Mets. He has lectured and conducted clinics in Canada, Japan, Australia and Europe and has authored six books and over one hundred articles related to coaching and sport performance in a variety of sports. He has a BA in teaching with a coaching minor and an MA in Education with an emphasis in physical education from Stanford University.
Vern Gambetta


Athletic Development Coach & Consultant. Founder of GAIN Network. Proud dad. Love to read everything.
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Vern Gambetta

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