The 4R’s


Frank Dick one of my mentors shared this basic concept to give a context to debrief of training or performance.

  • Reason – Why are you doing what you are doing?
  • Reality – What exactly are you doing? Is that reconciled with the reason?
  • Reflection – What did you learn from what you did? Be as specific as possible here.
  • Response – What are you going to do differently? This should consist of specific actions based on the reflection.

This is a simple process that can be used to make your daily coaching more effective.

Vern Gambetta

Vern Gambetta

Director at Gambetta Sports Training Systems
Vern is the Director of Gambetta Sports Training Systems. He has been the a conditioning coach for several MLS teams as well as the conditioning consultant to the US Men's World Cup Soccer team. Vern is the former Director of Conditioning for the Chicago White Sox and New York Mets. He has lectured and conducted clinics in Canada, Japan, Australia and Europe and has authored six books and over one hundred articles related to coaching and sport performance in a variety of sports. He has a BA in teaching with a coaching minor and an MA in Education with an emphasis in physical education from Stanford University.
Vern Gambetta


Athletic Development Coach & Consultant. Founder of GAIN Network. Proud dad. Love to read everything.
RT @GreatestQuotes: Your aspirations are your possibilities. - Samuel Johnson - 4 years ago
Vern Gambetta

Latest posts by Vern Gambetta (see all)


Comments are closed.