L2S and S2L- Research and Reality


The overall angiogenic response to high intensity exercise training was not sufficiently strong to induce capillary growth in muscle conditioned by moderate intensity exercise.

-Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen

A lot of discussion is going on with the adaption process acutely and long term with athletes. Should we use block training or concurrent options? Should I lift before or after training? Should I go short to long or long to short? My view is that talent and environment must be taken into consideration first before one starts thinking about training theory. Debating on vibration platforms is useless if your budget is barely enough for post workout drinks. For example, hyper talents most likely respond to grass running because is safe on the joints to take 6 months of training rather than ramp up 3 months for indoors. The ironic thing is that many long to short programs focus on the weight room early in the fall and go easy, nearly polarizing and competing signals to the body. Many colleges have athletes lift in the morning because of classes, making things far more complicated when the track coach is getting an athlete with unknown fatigue levels. Team sports usually have less time to work with with long season and short preseasons, making block training unrealistic, while it may be vital for UFC or Boxing.

Carl Valle

Carl Valle

Track & Field Coach
Carl is an expert coach who has produced champions in swimming, track and numerous other sports. He is one of the foremost experts in the fields of nutrition and restoration.
Carl Valle

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