There is an excellent review article in Vol 85, Supplement 1, March 2004 Archives of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation. The title is”Core Strengthening”
The authors are Venu Akuthota MD and Scott F. Nadler, DO.
To quote from them “… all core muscles are needed for optimal stabilization and performance.” I find it very ironic that many experts who preach functional multi joint and multi plane movement in the rest of the body strongly advocate isolating the the muscles of the core, especially the Internal Oblique and Tranverse Abdominis. Isolation does not work, in fact with the deep muscles of the core it is very difficult. Movement is integrated regardless of of the body segment. Isolation creates neural confusion!

Vern Gambetta

Vern Gambetta

Director at Gambetta Sports Training Systems
Vern is the Director of Gambetta Sports Training Systems. He has been the a conditioning coach for several MLS teams as well as the conditioning consultant to the US Men's World Cup Soccer team. Vern is the former Director of Conditioning for the Chicago White Sox and New York Mets. He has lectured and conducted clinics in Canada, Japan, Australia and Europe and has authored six books and over one hundred articles related to coaching and sport performance in a variety of sports. He has a BA in teaching with a coaching minor and an MA in Education with an emphasis in physical education from Stanford University.
Vern Gambetta


Athletic Development Coach & Consultant. Founder of GAIN Network. Proud dad. Love to read everything.
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Vern Gambetta

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