The 4R’s


Frank Dick one of my mentors shared this basic concept to give a context to debrief of training or performance.

  • Reason – Why are you doing what you are doing?
  • Reality – What exactly are you doing? Is that reconciled with the reason?
  • Reflection – What did you learn from what you did? Be as specific as possible here.
  • Response – What are you going to do differently? This should consist of specific actions based on the reflection.

This is a simple process that can be used to make your daily coaching more effective.


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